The tropical rainforest is one of the largest terrestrial biome on the earth. It is the most productive and diverse ecosystem on land. It contains over 50% of world’s species in just 6% of land. Tropical rainforests accounts for 80% of world’s insect and 90% of primates. Rainforest once covered almost 15% of the earth’s land, now has declined to only 6% due to wide spread clearance. Over 200 million people live in the rain forest. The annual loss of rainforest is about 30-40 million acres (almost the size of England). In general rainforest is disappearing at one acre per second (1 acre = .0040 sq km). According to WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) 12-15 million hectares (1 hectare = .01 sq.km) of forest are lost each year, equivalent of 36 football fields per minute
**Click here** to see WWF data on deforestation


Photo GallerySee mind-boggling photographs of Rainforest on National Geographic

National Geographic photo gallery on Tropical Rain forest wildlife


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Distribution of tropical rainforest
South America- the Amazon is by far the world’s largest rainforest, covers the Amazon river basin. Over half of the forest lies in Brazil, which holds about one-third of the world’s remaining rainforest. About 13% of the Amazon rainforest is in Peru and remaining smaller areas in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana and Suriname.Central America- The main areas of existing rainforests are Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Belize, southern Mexico, some islands in the Caribbean.Africa, Congo basin- central Africa holds the world second largest rainforest in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon.South-East Asia- India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia. Nearly 85% of the island of Papua New Guinea is covered by rainforest.Australia- north eastern coastal zone of North Queensland coast.

Deforestation in photographs by National Geographic - click here to see

Deforestation in Tropical Rainforest






Brazil: largest area under rainforest






Fun time
Learning game on the importance of the tropical rainforest
Pac-Man game on tropical rainforest
Interactive Quiz on tropical rainforest