Tourism facts

Tourism trends in 2015

Data related to tourism sector:
Class Work:Make notes from the following reports and analyze the trends and recent happenings in this sector
UNWTO World Tourism Report 2017
Reports on the trend and prospect of Tourism in Germany in 2017

Approaches to understand tourism and it‘s role

Tourism as a commercialized hospitality, travel and leisure industry – viewed as an industry to earn foreign exchange.
Tourism as a means to get knowledge, sharing cultural values, promoting conservation and respect to humanity - eco-tourism and sustainable tourism (alternative tourism)
Tourism as a strategy for development generating multiplier effect.
Multiplier Effect: When an initial amount of spending usually by the government leads to increased spending by the tourists and results in an increased national income greater than the initial amount spent.
Tourism as modern variety of traditional pilgrimage.

Types of tourism .png

Primary Tourism Resources

  • These are attractions that pre-date tourism (not built for the purpose of tourism)
  • Primary resources include the climate and other physical conditions such as scenery, wildlife, history and heritage.

Heritage tourism as part of primary tourism
in Machu Picchu
Heritage tourism as part of primary
tourism in Egypt
How the pyramid was built?

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Case Study: Urban Tourism in Las Vegas, USA

Las Vegas: The largest city in Nevada, Las Vegas lies in the desert, surrounded by baron hills.
Las Vegas is a great place to visit year-round; its cooler winter temperatures are pleasant for sightseeing, and in summer, when the temperature can rise 40 degree C, the outdoor pools and fountains become important part of the daytime activities.
Grand Canyon over river Colorado
Las Vegas has a number of companies providing helicopter tours that take visitors over Las Vegas and the Strip, or as far away as the Grand Canyon, America's most impressive and famous natural attractions.
Las Vegas Natural History Museum can be considered as a heritage site.

Secondary Tourism Resources
The extra facilities that are built to accommodate the tourists (hotels, restaurants, water parks, shopping and Cineplex etc.)
Example: Las Vegas is the largest gambling destination in the world. In 2015, it attracted over 42 million visitors and earned gambling revenue of over 9 billion US dollar.
Las Vegas Boulevard strip and Fremont Street Experience- The Strip is particularly impressive at night, when the city is illuminated and light up the sky in a ray of different colors fantastic music and visual show takes place overhead.
The huge resort hotels lining the famous "Strip," with their sparkling lights, fountains, and recreated glamorous sites, offer a fun and exciting retreat from the desert landscape.

Urban Tourism:
touristic attraction in Las Vegas
Las vegas time-lapse
The Bellagio water fountain show

Read Articles related to the touristic attractions in the city of Las Vegas

Famous Theme hotels in Las Vegas: Las Vegas has 5 of the world’s 10 biggest hotels

  • Ø Paris Las Vegas Hotel with its ½ scale replica of the Eiffel Tower outside.
  • Ø The Mirage hotel is a tropical paradise filled with colorful flowers and plants and home to an incredible erupting volcano show at night.
  • Ø Caesars Palace has played host to celebrities and high-rollers since its opening in 1966. It is known for its opulent Garden-of-the Gods, a 4 -acre pool area with roman statues, marble columns.
  • Ø The Excalibur is one of the grandest hotels in Las Vegas and is considered one of the best in the city. This is already an amazing feat considering that the medieval-themed hotel
43% of the total work force in Las Vegas was involved in the tourism sector in 2015. The average room rent per night in Las Vegas was 115 US dollar in 2015.

Reasons behind the development of the tourism industry in Las Vegas develop?
  • The state’s liberal gambling regulations
  • Electricity generated from the bounder dam
  • The attractive hot dry climate and desert landscape
  • Good accessibility- regular air services from all large cities of USA, It is only 420 km from Los Angeles and is connected by highway 15.

Most visited cities in the world
Heritage tourism in Venice
Dubai: A desert city with huge
secondary touristic attractions

Tourism as a development strategy for the small islands developing states (SIDS) and remote areas

Small island states heavily relied on tourism as a lever to economic development as limited land area and narrow resource base restrict manufacturing on large scale. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) forms a distinctive group which shares many characteristics and whose vulnerability and special situation has been recognized by the international community.

Major touristic locations in SIDs:
Caribbean islands nations- Dominican Republic, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, Aruba, Barbados

Mediterranean islands- Sicily (Italy), Cyprus, Corsica (France), Crete (Greece), Malta, Marmara (Turkey)

SIDs in Indian Ocean: Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles in Indian Ocean

French Polynesia- Tahiti, Borabora

Tourism in SIDs: Seychelles
touristic attractions
Exotic Island Tourism
Enclave Tourism : Luxury cruise ship Oasis

Why is tourism viewed as an effective development strategy?

1. Rising per capita income generates multiplier effect as income gained by the local people is circulated through the economy. It can set of the process of cumulative causation whereby one phase of investment can trigger subsequent phases of investment in other sectors.

2. On the other hand many small island nations and developing countries have few other resources that they can use to obtain foreign currency.

3. A major tourism development can act as a growth pole, stimulating the economy of the larger region. By providing employment in rural areas it can help to reduce rural-urban migration. Touristic node can act as a growth pole and subsequently, the entire region may undergo further expansion causing a spread effect or trickle down effect on the surrounding regions or peripheral areas.
Note: Trickle down effect starts in the core region and spreads to the whole of the system particularly to periphery.

4. It can support many jobs in the informal sector, which plays a major role in the economy of the many developing countries.

5. Reinforces preservation of heritage and tradition.
It can lead to greater understanding and cultural exchange between people of different cultures.
Generates appreciation of historical legacy.
Family ties may be strengthened by visit to relatives.
Tourism can be viewed as a mean to get knowledge, sharing cultural values, promoting conservation and respect to humanity by promoting eco-tourism and sustainable tourism (alternative or Niche tourism)

Mass Tourism
Apathy towards mass Tourism
In Spain
Venetians protest against
mass tourism
Rising mass tourism
in Iceland
Iceland's possibility and

Article Review : Leisure, Tourism and Sports Flip Board Magazine


Ecotourism and Sustainable tourism

  • Tourism that focuses on natural environment and local community
  • Low-impact adventure tourism in a natural setting; sometimes called “green tourism.”
  • Sustainable tourism focuses on conservation of primary tourist resources and supports the livelihood and culture of local people. It is organised in such a way that its level can be sustained in future with out creating irreparable environmental, social and economic damage to the receiving area.
  • Ecotourism is a form of sustainable tourism. It is a specialized form of tourism where people experience relatively untouched natural environment (such as coral reefs, tropical rain forests and remote mountains) and ensure that their presence do not damage the environment.

Ecuador as an ecotourism destination
Adventure tourism in Antarctica

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